Burundi launches inquiry into rebel executions

BUJUMBURA — Burundi yesterday launched a probe into reports that security forces last month executed at least 47 rebels who had surrendered, amid warnings of violence ahead of upcoming presidential elections. Authorities in Bujumbura have already rejected a report by international monitor Human Rights Watch (HRW), which said it had interviewed 32 witnesses to the killings in the small central African country.

“I have set up a judicial commission of inquiry… to shed light on the allegations of extrajudicial executions,” Attorney General Valentin Bagorikunda said, giving officers a month to investigate.

HRW said witnesses described soldiers and police ordering men to lie face down in the dirt, or lining them up along a cliff, before opening fire.

Members of the ruling party’s youth wing known as the Imbonerakure also took part, beating to death those prisoners who were not shot, throwing others off a cliff and helping to hide bodies in mass graves, HRW said.

The investigation will be led by deputy attorney general Adolphe Manirakiza, who headed a previous inquiry into a United Nations report, which said 61 people were killed in extrajudicial executions in 2011.

That inquiry concluded the reports were false.

The rebels at the centre of the latest alleged atrocities crossed into Burundi in late December from neighbouring eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.

They went on to fight a five-day battle with government troops in the Cibitoke region, around 50km north of the capital Bujumbura.

The army said troops had killed around 100 rebels in the battle and accused them of planning to launch a major offensive to destabilise Burundi ahead of parliamentary and presidential polls due in May and June.

HRW’s Africa chief Daniel Bekele called the killings “one of the largest incidents of this kind” in recent years, charging that the involvement of government forces as well as Imbonerakure indicated “co-ordination and state responsibility”.

A BBC report last month filmed what locals said was a place where bodies had been buried, showing discarded clothes and spent bullet casings around a pile of freshly dug earth.

HRW said the killings were “part of a broader pattern” of extrajudicial executions going back several years.

Burundi, a landlocked nation in central Africa’s Great Lakes region, emerged in 2006 from a brutal 13-year civil war. — AFP.

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