Lagos – Human rights advocates and the United States called for an investigation following the Nigerian army’s raid on a Shi’ite sect in which hundreds of people were reportedly killed.
Details of the weekend violence in Zaria have been slow to emerge, with the three attacked areas of the northern town on lockdown as late as Tuesday, with no one allowed to enter or leave.
“The United States calls on the government of Nigeria to quickly, credibly, and transparently investigate these events in Zaria and hold to account any individuals found to have committed crimes,” the US Embassy said in a statement on Wednesday.
“It is essential that all sides refrain from actions that further destabilise the situation,” US Ambassador James Entwhistle added. He said he expects that a visit to Zaria on Tuesday by Nigeria’s interior minister is a first step in a “timely, transparent investigation”.
The bloodshed was yet another blow to Africa’s most populous nation, already beset by a 6-year-old insurgency waged by Boko Haram, a violent Islamic group which is at odds with the Shi’ites and others who oppose its extremist views.
Amnesty International said in a statement late on Tuesday that the shooting of members of the Shi’ite group in Zaria “must be urgently investigated … and anyone found responsible for unlawful killings must be brought to justice”.
“While the final death toll is unclear, there is no doubt of that there has been a substantial loss of life at the hands of the military,” said MK Ibrahim, director of Amnesty International, Nigeria.
Spokesperson Ibrahim Musa of the Shi’ite Islamic Movement in Nigeria said soldiers on Monday carried away about 200 bodies from around the home of the head of the sect, Ibraheem Zakzaky – who was himself badly wounded and whose whereabouts have not been disclosed by the authorities – and hundreds more corpses were in the mortuary. Human rights activists said hundreds of people, perhaps as many as 1,000, were killed.
The military has said Zakzaky is in its “safe custody”.
The army said troops attacked sites in Zaria after 500 Shi’ites blocked the convoy of Nigeria’s army chief, and tried to kill him on Saturday. A report from the military police said some Shi’ites were crawling through tall grass toward General Tukur Buratai’s vehicle “with the intent to attack the vehicle with [a] petrol bomb” while others “suddenly resorted to firing gunshots from the direction of the mosque”.
In a statement on Monday, the army said there was “loss of lives as a result of the Shi’ite group members blocking roads and not allowing other passersby to go about their lawful businesses and activities,” and added that “as soon as order is restored … the police will conduct an inquiry and the public will be informed”.
The National Human Rights Commission of Nigeria said it set up a special investigations panel on Tuesday to investigate, following complaints filed by concerned citizens and from the military, which has asked the commission to investigate the alleged assassination attempt on the army chief.
The commission’s chairperson, Chidi Odinkalu, called the army attacks “a massacre”.
Odinkalu said that Zakzaky suffered four bullet wounds and that one of the sect leader’s wives was killed in raids that began on Saturday and ended on Monday morning. He was quoting the family doctor. Two of Zakzaky’s sons also were killed and one was wounded, according to Musa.
Odinkalu and other human rights activists said there are hundreds of bodies at the mortuary of the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital on the outskirts of Zaria. “Citizens must ask, who ordered this carnage?” Odinkalu tweeted.
Outraged Nigerians took to social media to condemn “trigger-happy troops” and “extra-judicial killings”.
Iran, seen as the guardian of the Shi’ite Muslim faith, condemned the killings.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani called Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari. Iran state TV said Rouhani told Buhari he expects the Nigerian government to compensate families of the dead and injured victims. Hundreds of Shi’ites protested in front of the Nigerian embassies in the Iranian and Indian capitals on Tuesday.
Nigeria’s Shi’ites, a movement of millions started 37 years ago by Zakzaky, who dresses in the robes and turban of an Iranian ayatollah, often have clashed with police and other security forces over their unlawful blocking of major roads to hold religious processions.
Nigeria’s military is infamous for its excesses. In 2009, Nigerian armed forces attacked Boko Haram’s headquarters and killed about 700 people, including its leader.
The Shi’ites two weeks ago suffered a suicide bombing in a procession that killed 22 people. Boko Haram, a Salafist group, claimed responsibility for the attack and threatened to “wipe out” the Shi’ites opposed to its radical vision of Islam. – AFP