GLOBAL economic growth will accelerate in 2017 as investment, manufacturing and trade rebound, the International Monetary Fund said on Tuesday as it raised its outlook for the year.
World growth is expected to rise to 3.5 percent this year and 3.6 percent in 2018, compared to 3.1 percent last year.
“Stronger activity and expectations of more robust global demand, coupled with agreed restrictions on oil supply, have helped commodity prices recover from their troughs in early 2016,” according to a statement from the IMF, which is holding its annual spring meetings in Washington, DC, this week.
The IMF was more pessimistic in January, when it released its last forecast. In cutting its growth forecast for the US and other advanced economies, the IMF said then that the global economy would grow 3.4 percent this year versus 3.1 percent in 2016.
“Higher commodity prices have provided some relief to commodity exporters and helped lift global headline inflation and reduce deflationary pressures,” the IMF said. “Financial markets are buoyant and expect continued policy support in China and fiscal expansion and deregulation in the United States. If confidence and market sentiment remain strong, short-term growth could indeed surprise on the upside.”
Still, “structural impediments,” such as low productivity growth and high income inequality, will likely persist and could stall a stronger recovery, it said.
In a pointed criticism of nationalistic economic proposals in the US and other European Union countries, the IMF said: “Inward-looking policies threaten global economic integration and the cooperative global economic order, which have served the world economy, especially emerging-market and developing economies, well.”
The IMF also raised its outlook for the advanced economies, which include the US, the UK, Germany, Italy, Spain, Japan and other developed nations. It now anticipates they will grow by two percent this year, up slightly from 1.9 percent forecast in January.
Its outlook for the US economy, whose 2017 growth was projected in January at 2.3 percent, was left unchanged. The US economy grew 1.6 percent last year.
Heartened by palpable signs of growth in the U.S. economy, the Federal Reserve raised in March its benchmark short-term rate by a quarter percentage point, its second interest rate hike in three months. And it signaled that more gradual hikes are likely.
But the IMF said “a faster-than-expected pace” of interest rate hikes in the US could tighten financial conditions elsewhere, and strengthening of the US dollar could strain emerging-market economies with currencies that are pegged to the dollar.
Emerging-market economies remain vulnerable as geopolitical tensions rise and the use of credit proliferates, the IMF said. China, in particular, “faces the daunting challenge of reducing its reliance on credit growth,” it said.
The IMF also left unchanged its January forecast for emerging markets, which are anticipated to grow 4.5 percent in 2017 and 4.8 percent in 2018.
China’s growth this year is now estimated at 6.6 percent, up from 6.5 percent projected in January. – Wires.