About half a million people are being evacuated to safer areas in south-eastern Bangladesh, ahead of a cyclone that could be extremely dangerous.
Mocha is predicted to make landfall on Sunday, with 170kph (106mph) winds and storm surges of up to 3.6m (12ft).
There are concerns the cyclone could hit the world’s largest refugee camp, Cox’s Bazar, where close to a million people live in makeshift homes.
Rains are already falling on the camp and red warning flags have been raised.
Cyclone Mocha could be the most powerful storm seen in Bangladesh in nearly two decades.
As the weather system heads towards the Bangladesh-Myanmar coast, nearby airports have been shut, fishermen have been told to suspend their work and 1,500 shelters have been set up, as the process of moving people from vulnerable areas begins.
Officials in Cox’s Bazar said 1,000 people had already been evacuated from one area, with plans to move a further 8,000 people from a ward near the beach if the situation worsened.
“We are ready to face any hazards… we don’t want to lose a single life,” Vibhushan Kanti Das, additional deputy commissioner at Cox’s Bazar, told the BBC.
Tourists staying in beachside hotels will be safe, so emergency workers will move locals such as fishermen and families who live in more vulnerable homes, the official said.
Close to a million Rohingya refugees who have fled neighbouring Myanmar (also known as Burma) remain at risk, living in flimsy bamboo shelters with tarpaulin covers. The UN says it is doing what it can to protect these areas.
Bangladesh’s government does not allow refugees to leave their camps, so many say they are frightened and unsure of what will happen if their shelters are hit by the storm.
Mohammad Rafique, 40, and his family live in one of the small bamboo shelters built for refugees.
Such shelters with tarpaulin roofing are unlikely to provide much protection from strong winds and heavy rains.
All we can do is pray to God to save us, Mohammad says. “We have nowhere to go for safety, and no-one to turn to.”
He adds: “We have faced many difficulties before and our homes have been destroyed in the past. We hope it won’t happen this time.”
Forecasters expect the cyclone to bring a deluge of rain, which can trigger landslides – a serious danger for those who reside in hillside camps, where landslips are a regular phenomenon.
MD Shamsul Douza, from the Bangladeshi government office which oversees the refugees and the camps, told the BBC that they were working with NGOs to ensure the camps were as prepared as possible for the cyclone.
But he said moving refugees out of the camps was not an easy task.
“Moving a million refugees is very difficult, the implementation of the movement is difficult. We have to be practical,” the official said.
“Our plan is to save lives. We are also focused on the days after. There may be heavy rains leading to flash floods and landslides, which would also pose a risk.”
In Myanmar, the rain started on Friday night in Sittwe City, the capital of Rakhine state. The streets emptied out as people took shelter, with many seeking to find safety in cyclone shelters on high ground.
There are almost no lifejackets to be found, while the remaining stock is being sold at a higher price. Petrol stations also closed on Saturday, making it difficult for people to drive out of the city.
By Rajini Vaidyanathan BBC News, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh