Opponents and supporters of Democratic Republic of Congo President Joseph Kabila traded accusations of electoral violence on Monday as tensions rose three weeks before a crucial December presidential vote.
The pro-Kabila coalition said opposition supporters attacked a march over the weekend, injuring dozens while opposition leader Felix Tshisekedi’s UDPS party said police detained more than 40 of his supporters in 48 hours.
Western powers are closely watching the December 23 election in the mineral-wealthy former Belgian colony that has never seen a peaceful transition of power since its 1960 independence.
Under international pressure, Kabila agreed to step aside, but critics worry he will engineer a victory for his handpicked successor, former interior minister, Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary.
Kabila’s FCC coalition said “young delinquents, drug addicts who are UDPS supporters” attacked a march for Ramazani Shadary supporters on Saturday in Mbuji Mayi in Eastern Kasai province.
“We have 35 seriously injured and with fractures,” an FCC statement said.
East Kasai governor Alphonse Ngoyi Kasanji said on Monday there were 15 wounded treated at a local hospital.
A source at Tshisekedi’s Union for Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS party said police had encircled its headquarters in Mbuji Mayi between Sunday night and Monday morning and had detained dozens of his supporters over the weekend.
“Around 20 of our activists were arrested on Saturday and are still in police custody. One of our parliamentary candidates is still reported missing,” said regional UDPS representative Denis Kalombo said.
Vincent Ngoyi, a local official, said police had been deployed to the UDPS headquarters in the region for “security reasons” because they were responsible for unrest on Saturday.
Tens of thousands of supporters turned out to welcome Tshisekedi, whose father Etienne was the face of DRC opposition for decades, as he returned to Kinshasa last month to kick off his campaign to replace Kabila.