THOUSANDS of mourners flocked yesterday to the heart of South Africa’s sprawling Soweto township, a centre of anti-apartheid resistance, to pay tribute to Nelson Mandela’s former wife and struggle hero Winnie Mandela.
Her grandson Bambatha Mandela described Winnie, who died on April 2 after a long illness, as “an extraordinary woman, a mother, a soldier, a fighter”.
“Even at 81 (she) was one person I thought would live forever,” he said in an emotional tribute. “I had the privilege of being the first grandchild they could raise after (Nelson Mandela) returned from prison.”
The choice of Soweto’s 37 000-capacity Orlando Stadium for both the memorial service and the full state funeral planned for Saturday was highly symbolic.
Unlike many struggle-era leaders who moved from townships like Soweto to formerly white suburbs after apartheid fell, Winnie Mandela remained embedded in the community where she met Nelson Mandela at a bus stop in 1957.
“She could have gone to the suburbs like many of us did, but she chose not to,” Bambatha said. “I don’t think I want to wake up alongside my enemies,” he remembered her as saying.
Sunshine broke through a dense cloud cover over Soweto during multi-faith prayers, while outside the stadium a motorcycle club sporting African National Congress (ANC) colours arrived at the stadium to pay their respects.
The Soweto Gospel Choir sang several rousing numbers which prompted mourners to stand and dance beside their plastic foldaway seats. “Long live the fighting spirit of Mama Winnie Madikizela-Mandela”, and “Viva Soweto!” cried the master of ceremonies to spirited chanting from the crowd.
“Every time we met Mrs. Mandela, she’d tell wonderful stories, she was like no other,” church leader John Moletsane said as he made his way to the ceremony.
“Everyone wanted to meet her. When we’d see her at an event, we’d know it would be great.
“She would tell you about how to build the future and not look to the past. I don’t know where South Africa would be without her — no one can fill her space.”
A handful of mourners inside the stadium wore the red of the radical opposition Economic Freedom Fighters party, which Winnie Mandela grew close to in later life.
The ANC’s signature green, yellow and black adorned mourners’ shirts and flags and women’s head-wraps.
Rita Ndzanga, a frail former anti-apartheid fighter who was detained alongside Winnie Mandela, drew rapturous cheers from the crowd as she spoke about their experiences. “I remember when we were arrested in our fight against pass laws for women,” she said, describing how they were both breastfeeding at the time.
As well as numerous ministers, religious leaders and family members, George Bizos, an anti-apartheid icon who was close friends with Nelson Mandela, also attended.
He sat alongside at least 100 VIP delegates on a black stage decorated with bright yellow and white flowers and flanked by two big screens. The stadium burst into song with a spirited rendition of struggle-era song “Mabayeke umhlaba wethu” meaning “Let them return our land” — a reference to the colonial and apartheid-era dispossession of non-white people.
Mananki Joyce Seipei, the mother of a boy whose kidnapping Winnie was convicted of in 1991, was reportedly encouraged by the ANC to attend yesterday’s event.
She told local media she was “very sad to hear that Winnie is no more because she and I had made peace”.
Winnie Mandela was found guilty of kidnapping Stompie Moeketsi, a 14-year-old boy who was then beaten to death by her bodyguards in her home in 1988.
She was also accused of running a mafia-style gang responsible for multiple murders and beatings in Soweto, and of endorsing “necklacing” — killing suspected informers with burning tyres put over their heads.
Her convictions for kidnapping and fraud, and her reputation for overseeing violence in black townships, were brushed aside with tributes to her bravery, independence and integrity.
Most of Winnie Mandela’s 38-year marriage to Nelson was spent apart, with Nelson imprisoned for 27 years, leaving her to raise their two daughters alone as she kept his political dream alive.
Glamorous and tough, she played a high-profile role in the battle to end repressive white-minority rule.
In 1990 the world watched when Nelson Mandela finally walked free from prison — hand-in-hand with Winnie.
The Mandelas separated in 1992 and divorced four years later, after a legal wrangle that revealed she had had an affair with a young bodyguard.
During her old age, she re-emerged as a respected elder who was feted as a living reminder of the late Mandela — and of the long and celebrated struggle against apartheid.
“She was the best we could have,” said one of her young great-granddaughters to an ecstatic crowd response.
Meanwhile, the ANC was mourning the loss of Skweyiya, who died in Pretoria yesterday morning.
Skweyiya’s death came after a protracted illness, and just days before his 76th birthday on Saturday, April 14, said ANC spokesperson Pule Mabe.
“On behalf of the national executive committee (NEC) of the ANC and the entire membership of the movement, we pass our heartfelt condolences to his wife, Thuthukile Skweyiya, and the entire family for their loss,” he said.
“The movement mourns with them as we celebrate the life of this gentle giant of our struggle.”
Skweyiya was born in Simon’s Town, Cape Town, in 1942. He was an activist in high school and joined the ANC in Fort Hare in 1956.
He matriculated four years later at Loveday College, in Alice. Mabe said Skweyiya organised party activities until he went into exile in Tanzania in 1963, and later, Lusaka in Zambia.
The ANC sent him to Germany to study law and he obtained his degree in 1978 from the University of Leipzig.
“He worked for the ANC in various offices and capacities and was responsible for setting up the ANC office in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,” said Mabe.
From 1984 to 1993, he represented the ANC at the UN Commission for Human Rights.
He also represented the ANC at the Organisation of African Unity between 1982 and 1985.
He was recalled to set up the ANC legal and constitutional department in Lusaka, which he headed until 1990 in Zambia and until 1994 in Johannesburg.
On his return, he chaired the ANC constitution committee and served on the NEC until 2012. — Sapa